Afghanistan has only dispensed with its black-red-green tricolour a handful of times since it was first adopted in 1928. There was Bacha-i-Saqao’s unusual red-black-white tricolour from 1929, the red flag of the Khalq government from 1978, and then this flag, which was adopted by the Islamic State of Afghanistan in 1992. The green stood for Islam, the white for purity, and the black for the country’s dark past. Once the Taliban took over they started flying white flags, and after they were forced out of power the old black-red-green was restored.
Amanullah Khan introduced the Afghan tricolour in 1928 as part of his modernization program, but his reforms were far from universally accepted. The next year, a Tajik rebel named Bacha-i-Saqao (“Son of a Water Carrier”) usurped the throne and installed a new reactionary government.
Sources are conflicted about what flags he used during his brief rule. Some say he restored the old 1919-1928 flag while others say he adopted this unusual red-black-white tricolour, allegedly based on colours used by the Mongols in the 13th century. The tricolour also looks suspicious similar to a flag attributed to Abdul Rahim’s largely autonomous government in Herat, which was black-red-white with a white crescent in the centre. And that flag may have actually been the flag of Purdel Khan, a former supporter of Bacha-i-Saqao who led a Tajik revolt in 1930. It’s difficult to sort it all out, and the lack of pictures of flags from this very short period doesn’t help any.
the study of evidence tending to substantiate the existence of, or the search for, creatures whose reported existence is unproved, as the Abominable Snowman or the Loch Ness monster. The discipline is traditionally viewed as a pseudoscience.
Etymology: from Greek kryptos, “hidden” + zoology; “study of animals”, literally, “study of hidden animals”.