Lucca (merchant flag), 1819-1820
The Duchy of Lucca’s merchant flag looked like this for a short time. The red and gold cross doesn’t really look like any other flag or coat of arms that the Duchy ever used, so I’m not sure where it came from or why it was abandoned so quickly.
I love Lucca.
Parma and Piacenza, 1851-1859
After the Revolutions of 1848, the traditional blue and yellow colours of the Duchy of Parma were always arranged in a simple geometric pattern. The last form of the national flag was this blue and yellow gyronny with a red border. After 1859, the state became a part of Sardinia-Piedmont, which two years later would become the Kingdom of Italy.
I am from Parma, just not this Parma.